Computer Support Blog

How to Perform Windows Registry Repair on Windows 10

The Windows registry is a database containing important, machine-specific settings and information regarding almost everything in your computer — preferences, applications, users, attached devices and so on. The registry contains two basic elements: keys and values. If you encounter broken registry items error, do you know how to fix it? Don’t worry, the following part will show how to fix registry errors on Windows 10.

About Windows Registry

You probably already know what is broken registry items and how they can affect your computer’s performance. The registry is your computer’s massive database that keeps all the machine specific information. To your surprise, your computer’s operating system refers to the log, constantly.

There are 2 basic elements - keys and values in the registry.

To change hardware, install new software, or open a program, the operating system will always refer the registry to get the relevant keys and values. 

In order to make Windows work the way you want or improve performance, you can use the built-in Windows Registry Editor (Regedit) to manually change registry keys, but you need to be careful, or your operating system could be seriously damaged. 

Broken Registry Items Cause

You may wonder what causes broken registry items, throughly, there are typically 3 common reasons. 

  1. Malware and Viruses
  2. Fragmented Registry
  3. System Shutdown Errors

To Fix Broken Registry Items

If you encounter broken registry items error, do you know how to fix it? Don’t worry, the following part will show how to fix registry errors on Windows 10.

How to Fix Broken Registry Items by Using Automatic Repair?

There are many methods to fix broken registry items on Windows 10. Automatic Repair is useful one. 

It is a feature in newer versions of Microsoft Windows, which is very convenient for users. With this feature, users can fix their broken registry items and repair corrupt registry keys and invalid keys. 

Do you know how to fix broken registry items using Automatic Repair? Don’t worry. The following steps will show you the details. 

Step 1: Firstly, you need to open the Settings panel and enter its main interface. 

Step 2: Click Update & Security to continue. 

Step 3: Here you should click Recovery

Step 4: Under Recovery, you need to click Restart now on the Advanced Startup section.

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Step 5: You need to wait a little while patiently and then you will see several options. Now you should click Troubleshoot.

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Step 6: Click Advanced options to continue. 

Step 7: Click Automatic Repair/Startup Repair

Step 8: After you get into the automatic repair mode, you will be asked to enter the recovery key to get going again and then click Continue

After you finish all steps above, the Automatic Repair/Startup Repair will start diagnosing your computer and it may restart during this process. In this way, your broken registry items can be fixed.

How to Fix Broken Registry Items by Using System Restore?

Performing system restore is another useful way to fix corrupt registry on Windows 10. 

System Restore can revert system’s registry back to a restore point where the registries were not broken. If users have enabled System Restore function ahead of time, Windows can automatically create restore points whenever users make some major changes to their system such as the reinstallation of new software or drivers. Users can also manually create restore points. 

The following part will show you how to fix broken registry items using System Restore step by step.

Step 1: Search for Control Panel in the search bar, and then click to enter its interface.

Step 2: Select Recovery with the way View by Small icons

Step 3: Click Open System Restore under Advanced recovery tools section.

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Step 4: In the Restore system files and settings, click Next to continue. 

Step 5: Now you should select a restore point which you want to use from the results list, and then you can select Scan for affected programs to check programs and drivers that will be deleted and might be restored. If you are ok with it, click Close to continue. All of your personal files will be safe. 

Step 6: After that, you need to click Next

Step 7: You need to check the information carefully to confirm your restore point and then click Finish.

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Now System Restore will start to restore your system, which may take a few minutes. After the restore is finished, your computer will restart. The system will be restored to a point where your registries were not broken.

How to Fix Broken Registry Items by Using System File Checker?

Another way to fix this problem is to run System File Checker which should perform Windows 10 registry repair in Command Prompt

System File Checker is a built-in tool for Windows 10 which can be used to look for missing or corrupted files in the system file directory. And then System File Checker tool can help users to repair these files. 

The following part will show you how to fix broken system files with System File Checker. 

Step 1: Firstly, you need to type cmd or Command Prompt in the search bar. 

Step 2: Now you should right-click Command Prompt and then select Run as administrator to enter cmdinterface. 

Step 3: In Command Prompt interface, you should type command “sfc /scannow” and press Enter. This command will help you to scan protected system files and all damaged files will be replaced with cached copies.

It will take you some time to finish scan. You can’t stop the operation, so please be patient while it is scanning. When the scan is completed, you can reboot your computer to check if the broken registry items error happens. 

If broken registry items error wasn’t repaired, give the next method a try.

How to Fix Broken Registry Items by Using the DISM Command?

You can also fix broken registry items error by using DISM Command. 

If the error still cannot be fixed, you may need to perform some additional steps. Sometimes, System File Checker scan cannot fix all the corrupted system files. You will need to run the DISM command to scan your computer. 

Step 1: You need to run Command Prompt with administrator rights firstly. In terms of how to enter Command Prompt, you can refer to the detailed procedure from the last method listed above. 

Step 2: Now you should type “DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /ScanHealth” command and then press Enter to continue.

The scanning operation will start. Wait patiently until the scan process is finished and your broken registry items error will be fixed. 

If this method didn’t repair your registry problems, maybe you could try the next method.

How to Fix Broken Registry Items by Resetting Windows System?

Windows offer users a reset function which can reset PC. After users choose to keep their files or remove everything, this function will basically reinstall Windows. This process may fix broken registry items error. Refer to the post to check how to fix broken registry items by resetting Windows system. 

Useful Suggestion - Back up the Computer

After you have successfully fixed the problem, it is highly recommended that you make a backup of your computer. If you encounter the broken registry items problem again in the future, you can easily solve it. All you need is a backup image and the computer will revert to the normal state. 

So, is there any way that you can easily make a backup? The answer is sure. A piece of professional and powerful backup software - MiniTool ShadowMaker is your best choice. 

MiniTool ShadowMaker offers you straightforward and efficient solutions to deal with all kinds of backup tasks including partition backup, file backup, system backup and disk backup. It also allows you to perform recovery solutions. 

The following part will introduce you how to back up your computer with this powerful and professional backup software in detail. 

Step 1: Run MiniTool ShadowMaker and enter its main interface. 

Step 2: Now you should click Backup to continue. 

Step 3: After you go to the Backup page, you need to click the Source module to choose backup source. There are Disk and Partitions and Folders and Files for you to choose. Here, please select Disk and Partitions.

Step 4: After choosing backup source, click OK to continue. 

Step 5: Click Destination module to select a destination path. There are 5 destination paths for you to choose – UsersLibrariesComputerNetwork and Shared. You need to choose a destination where you want to save the backup images and click OK.

Step 6: Now you can click Back up Now to perform a backup immediately or you can click Back up Later to perform backup later.

After you finish all the steps above, you can successfully get the backup image of your computer. If the broken registry items problem occurs again, you can restore your computer from this backup image. 

Click to see solutions when service registration is missing or corrupt

If you plan to make changes on the registry, you’d better back up individual registry keys firstly. How to Back up Individual Registry Keys Windows 10?

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